FIND OUT SUM OF DIAGONAL ELEMENTS OF A MATRIX USING








Sum of diagonal elements of a matrix in c



#include<stdio.h>

int main(){

  int a[10][10],i,j,sum=0,m,n;

  printf("\nEnter the row and column of matrix: ");
  scanf("%d %d",&m,&n);

  printf("\nEnter the elements of matrix: ");
  for(i=0;i<m;i++)
      for(j=0;j<n;j++)
           scanf("%d",&a[i][j]);
  printf("\nThe matrix is\n");

  for(i=0;i<m;i++){
      printf("\n");
      for(j=0;j<m;j++){
      printf("%d\t",a[i][j]);
      }
 }
 for(i=0;i<m;i++){
     for(j=0;j<n;j++){
          if(i==j)
              sum=sum+a[i][j];
     }
 }
 printf("\n\nSum of the diagonal elements of a matrix is: %d",sum);

 return 0;
}

Sample output:

Enter the row and column of matrix: 3 3
Enter the elements of matrix: 2
3
5
6
7
9
2
6
7
The matrix is
2       3       5
6       7       9
2       6       7
Sum of the diagonal elements of a matrix is: 16



Alogrithm:

Sum of diagonal element of matrix:















Diagonal elements have been shown in the bold letter.

We can observer the properties any element Aij will diagonal element if and only if i = j









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